Chief Black Fox

 Cherokee Chief

Born:c1746, Tennessee
Died:c1811, Kentucky


•  "In what is now Madison County, the great nations of the Chickasaw and the Cherokee still roamed (as settlers roamed into, although they had abandoned war on the white man.
     Appeasement was the solution to keep the Indians peaceful while settlers nibbled away at more and more of their life-long hunting grounds.
     The Chickasaw Indian Treaty of July 23, 1805 included paying Chinubbee Mingo, King of the Chickasaw Indian Nation, $100 a year for the rest of his life. The United States also paid $22,000 to George Colbert for land and services to the treaty arrangement.
      Five months, later, January 7, 1806, the United States arranged a treaty with the Cherokees, paying $2,000, and $2,000 each year for four years and providing a grist mill and "a machine to clean cotton". An old Cherokee chief named Black Fox was to receive $100 a year for life.
     The area covered by the two treaties formed an approximate triangle of 345,600 acres, later to become Madison County." - Record

•  "Black Fox was the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1801 to 1811. He was the leading negotiator for the Cherokee with the United States federal government during his term of office. Black Fox was noted for relinquishing nearly 7,000 square miles (18,000 km2) of land in what is today Tennessee and Alabama, under the treaty of January 7, 1806, for which he was given a lifetime annuity of $100. - Wikipedia

•  Other names:"Enoli", "Inali", "Enola"/"Black Fox";" - Caulk

•  "Black Fox. A principal chief of the Cherokee who, under the treaty of Jan. 7, 1806, by which the Cherokee ceded nearly 7,000 sq. m. of their lands in Tennessee and Alabama, was given a life annuity of $100. He was then an old man. In 1810, as a member of the national council of his tribe, he signed an enactment formally abolishing the custom of clan revenge hitherto universal among the tribes, thus taking an important step toward civilization.-Mooney, Myths of the Cherokee, in 19th Rep. B. A. E., 87, 1900." - Access Genealogy

•  January 7, 1806: "The Cherokee Indians ceded their property rights in a treaty with the United States government. The government agreed to pay them $2,000 and the same amount for the next four years. The government also gave the Indians a grist mill and a machine to clean cotton. Cherokee Chief Black Fox was to receive $100 per year for life. Combined with the land from the Chickasaw Treaty, the area from this treaty covered 345,600 acres. That land is known now as Madison County, Alabama. Squatters and plantation owners from Tennessee, Virginia, and the Carolinas flocked to the area to acquire land ceded from the Chickasaw Indians." - Pruitt

Related Links:

•  Access Genealogy - Bio thumbnail

•  Caulk - Geni profile managed by Marvin Caulk

•  King - A Roots Web article by Sandy King

•  Pruitt - Eden of the South: A Chronology of Huntsville, Alabama, 1805-2005, by Raneé G. Pruitt, Editor, 2005, page 2.

•  Record - A Dream Come True: The Story of Madison County and Incidentally of Alabama and the United States, Volume I, by James Record, 1970, page 30.

•  Wikipedia - Biography

The Following Pages Link to this Page:
•  Pruitt
•  Record