|Born:||November 3, 1793, Fairfax County, Virginia|
|Died:||May 2, 1863, Jackson, Mississippi|
• Physician who practiced in the antebellum Southern United States. - Wikipedia - Bio
• Education: University of Pennsylvania, Medical School - Wikipedia - Bio
• Married : Mary Wren of Natchez, Mississippi in 1825 - Wikipedia - Bio
• Children: Mary Cartwright married William Alexander Gordon of Liverpool, England. - Wikipedia - Bio
• Known for coining, in 1851, the term "drapetomania" - a supposed mental illness that caused black slaves to flee captivity. - Wikipedia - Drapetomania
• Cartwright's suggested cure for drapetomania: If "care, kindness, attention and humanity" do not work, "whipping the devil out of them" or amputating their toes. - Wikipedia - DrapetomaniaRelated Links:
• Louisiana State University Libraries - Samuel A. Cartwright and Family Papers
• PBS: Africans in America - Paper by Samuel Cartwright related to "drapetomania"
• Wikipedia - Bio - Bio and Photo
• Wikipedia - Drapetomania - Wikipedia entry for "drapetominia"